O'odham Himdag (Culture)

Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community

The Salt River-Maricopa Indian Community has a mixture of two separate tribes: the Akimel O’odham and the Xalychidom Piipaash (Maricopa). It has a land mass of approximately 52,600 acres and a population of roughly 6,300.

The Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community call themselves Akimel (River) Oʼodham as they lived along the Salt River of Central Arizona. The Akimel Oʼodham of this area often refer to themselves and to others as Pima Indians. The community of Akimel Oʼodham also has a significant population of Maricopa Indians whom refer to themselves as Piiposh. The small number of Maricopa Indians were not a large enough group for the United States Indian Agency to justify establishing a reservation in the 1800ʼs and therefore included them as part of the membership of their larger neighboring tribal group of Akimel Oʼodham, hence the forced formation of the Pima-Maricopa Indian reservation. Traditionally, the Salt River Indian Community farmers planted their crops along the Salt River valley. The Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community continue to practice farming on a commercial level and have a thriving gaming, resort, entertainment industry as well as industrial enterprises in the northern Phoenix area.

Below you will find a few weblinks pertinent to the Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Community:

Image below depicts placement and size of Salt River Pima-Maricopa Indian Commuunity in relation to the State of Arizona. The Tribal flag is at the top left: the tribal seal is on the top right.